Important terms in the definition of culture include diversity, cultural diversity, cultural assimilation and of course culture.
What is diversity?
The definition of diversity as summarized from meriam-webster's online dictionary is
"the state of having people who are different races or who have different cultures in a group or organization"
(retrieved October 29, 2016)
What is cultural diversity?
The definition of cultural diversity
expands upon the definition for diversity itself but encompasses an
entire area or the world.
What is cultural assimilation?
My definition of cultural
assimilation from this class is when an individual adapts to the
dominant culture in their area, picking up the habits and
traditions of that culture. They may or may not lose all or some of
their own cultural traditions in the process. It may be voluntary to fit
in, but it can also occur naturally as they live among the new culture.
What is culture?
My definition of culture from this class is that culture includes everything that a person believes, practices, and their traditions and rituals, including what was passed down through the generations as well as what they have added to their own beliefs. The definition of culture includes race, ethnicity, religion, gender, and socioeconomic status. Spector (2004) talks about the definition of culture being like the luggage that is carried around throughout our lives. The Office of Minority Health states on their website that the definition of culture "refers to integrated patterns of human behavior that include the language, thoughts, communications, actions, customs, beliefs, values, and institutions of racial, ethnic, religious, or social groups." (retrieved August 16, 2009)
The nursing culture course:
The nursing culture class was taken over an 8 week summer session. As with all of these nursing classes it required a lot of writing, and a lot of research. For the scholarly papers in my program we use APA formatting. The professors are very strict about the APA style and rules. They also require references for everything. This will help to prepare you for your graduate level papers.
This class gave a general overview of culture and the definition of culture. Along with this definition of culture it was discussed how it should be applied in nursing practice. Cultural competency was emphasized throughout the course. The professor offered a link to a course about cultural competency. This course offers 9 free nursing ceu's and can be found on our free nursing ceu page.
After the general information, the textbook by Spector, covered several different cultures in more detail. It was very interesting to learn more about the cultures we already see on a regular basis as well as the ones we rarely encounter. It is important to note that different cultures have a different definition of health and a different definition of illness, they may also have a different definition of culture. The course activities were based on the definition of culture.
Our specific instructor required discussion forum activities, several short weekly papers such as on diversity, cultural competency, and interviews with a variety of people followed by a short paper. The first week we had to come up with our own definition of culture so bookmark us and come back to look at the definition of culture and some of the other terms when you need them. The interviews we performed were with an individual living in Canada who's parents were from England. The interview was meant to show if she and her family had assimilated and what cultural traditions from England they still practice. Another interview was with an individual who practices alternative medicine, specifically herbal remedies. It is often helpful to add the definition of culture, or some of the other definitions related to culture in your papers.
There are several links to herbal treatments and alternative medicine under the reference area for the weekly assignments. This information was of great interest to us, it is important to remember when we are obtaining information from our patients that we be sure to ask if they take any over the counter medications, including herbal medications. We also need to ask if they use any home treatments for their condition. An easy way to help a patient to discuss these topics is to ask what they are currently doing or taking for the particular concern or illness. Remember that many patients do not consider vitamins or herbal remedies as medication and may not mention them unless asked. It is important for all medications to be listed to avoid medication interactions.
These interviews utilized the heritage assessment tool from Spector (2004). I also used this template for my final paper on the Filipino culture, a draft is available in the free members area. For the final it is best to obtain as much information as you can rather than the short answers this template asks for. The class required papers to be written from these interviews, again adding a definition of culture is a great trick. Adding a definition of culture related terms also shows that you have an understanding of the definition of culture.
References for weekly assignments and journal
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (2004). National healthcare disparities report. Retrieved June 7, 2009, from http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/nhdr03/nhdrsum03.htm
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (2007). National healthcare disparities report, 2006. Retrieved June 7, 2009, from http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/nhdr06/nhdr06.htm
Dela Cruz, F. A., & Galang, C. B. (2008). The illness beliefs, perceptions, and practices of Filipino Americans with hypertension. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 20(3), 118-127. Retrieved July 11, 2009, from Academic Search Complete
Dokken, D., & Ahmann, E. (2006). The many roles of family members in “family-centered care”: Part I. Pediatric Nursing, 32(6), 562-565. Retrieved July 4, 2009. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete
Flowers, D. L. (2005). Culturally competent nursing care for American Indian clients in a critical care setting. Critical Care Nurse, 25(1), 45-49.
Healthy People 2010 (2001). Healthy people in healthy communities: A community planning guide using healthy people 2010. Retrieved June 6, 2009, from http://www.healthypeople.gov/Publications/HealthyCommunities2001/healthycom01hk.pdf
Healthy People 2010 (n.d.). Leading health indicators. Retrieved July 12, 2009, from http://www.healthypeople.gov/Document/HTML/uih/uih_4.htm
Jones, K. W. (2001). “I’ve Called ’em Tom-ah-toes All My Life and I’m Not Going to Change!”: Maintaining linguistic control over English identity in the U.S. Social Forces, 79(3), 1061-1094. Retrieved June 6, 2009, from Academic search completeKemp, C. (2001). Culture and the end of life. Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing, 3(1), 29-33.
Lowe, J., & Archibald, C. (2009). Cultural diversity: The intention of nursing. Nursing Forum, 44(1), 11-18. Retrieved June 7, 2009 from Academic search complete
Manio, E. B., & Hall, R. R. (1987). Asian family traditions and their influence in transcultural health care delivery. Children’s Health Care, 15(3), 172-177. Retrieved June 21, 2009 from CINAHL
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (2008). Herbs at a glance: Chamomile. Retrieved June 14, 2009, from http://nccam.nih.gov/health/chamomile/
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (2008). Herbs at a glance: Echinacea. Retrieved June 14, 2009, from http://nccam.nih.gov/health/echinacea/ataglance.htm
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (2008). Herbs at a glance: Lavender. Retrieved June 14, 2009, from http://nccam.nih.gov/health/lavender/
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (2009). What is complementary and alternative medicine?. Retrieved June 14, 2009, from http://nccam.nih.gov/health/whatiscam/
Organizing for America (n.d.). Healthcare. Retrieved July 4, 2009, from http://www.barackobama.com/issues/healthcare/
Spector, R. E. (2004). Cultural diversity in health and illness (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education.
State Health Facts (2008). Texas: Percent of adults who are overweight or obese, 2007. Retrieved June 7, 2009, from http://www.statehealthfacts.org/profileind.jsp?ind=89&cat=2&rgn=45
The Commonwealth Fund (2009). Texas scorecard. Retrieved June 7, 2009, from http://www.commonwealthfund.org/Content/State-Scorecards/Texas.aspx
The White House: President Barack Obama (2009). Health care. Retrieved July 4, 2009, from http://www.whitehouse.gov/issues/health_care/
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: National Institutes of Health (2005). Theory at a glance: A guide for health promotion practice (second edition). Retrieved June 13, 2009, from http://www.cancer.gov/PDF/481f5d53-63df-41bc-bfaf-5aa48ee1da4d/TAAG3.pdf
References for midterm paper on the Greek and Italian cultures with reference to the movie My Big Fat Greek Wedding
A draft of this paper is available in our free members area. Sign up now for access to sample papers.
American Heart Association (2008). Tips for eating Greek and Middle Eastern food. Retrieved July 3, 2009, from http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=1094
American Heart Association (2008). Tips for eating Italian food. Retrieved July 3, 2009, from http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=1098
American Heart Association (2009). Risk factors and coronary heart disease. Retrieved July 5, 2009, from http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=4726
Andronico’s (2009). Origins of Greek cuisine: A typical Greek table. Retrieved July 5, 2009, from http://www.andronicos.com/Features/CoverStory/2008-03-31.php
Arvaniti, F., Panagiotakos, D. B., Pitsavos, C., Zampelas, A., & Stefanadis, C. (2006). Dietary habits in a Greek sample of men and women: the ATTICA study. Central European Journal of Public Health, 14(2), 74-77. Retrieved July 3, 2009, from Academic Search Complete
Citizenship and Immigration Canada (n.d.). Greece: Cultural profiles project: Looking at health care. Retrieved July 3, 2009, from http://www.cp-pc.ca/english/greece/index.html
Citizenship and Immigration Canada (n.d.). Greece: Cultural profiles project: Spirituality. Retrieved July 5, 2009, from http://www.cp-pc.ca/english/greece/index.html
Citizenship and Immigration Canada (n.d.). Italy: Cultural profiles project: Looking at health care. Retrieved July 5, 2009, from http://www.cp-pc.ca/english/italy/index.html
Citizenship and Immigration Canada (n.d.). Italy: Cultural profiles project: Spirituality. Retrieved July 5, 2009, from http://www.cp-pc.ca/english/italy/index.html
DiPiazza, J. (n.d.). Italian-American Foodways: A personal and academic look into Sunday dinner. Retrieved July 5, 2009, from http://www.rci.rutgers.edu/~dialogs/vol_03/pdf_files/j_dipiazza.pdf
Johnson & Son (2009). Windex: Frequently asked questions. Retrieved July 5, 2009, from http://www.windex.com/faq/
Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (n.d.). What are the leading health indicators? Retrieved July 5, 2009, from http://www.healthypeople.gov/LHI/lhiwhat.htm
Purell (2009). In the news. Retrieved July 5, 2009, from http://www.purell.com/page.jhtml?id=/purell/include/news.inc
Schoolshistory.org.uk (2002). Ancient Greek medicine. Retrieved July 3, 2009, from http://www.schoolshistory.org.uk/ancientgreece.htm
Spector, R. E. (2004). Cultural diversity in health and illness (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education.
The Public Health and Safety Company (2004). Four steps to food safety. Retrieved July 5, 2009, from http://www.nsf.org/consumer/food_safety/fsmonth_fsteps.asp
United States Department of Agriculture (2009). Dietary guidelines. Retrieved July 5, 2009, from http://www.mypyramid.gov/guidelines/index.html
West, A. (1962). From Greece: Food fit for gods. Saturday Evening Post, 235(39), 66-69. Retrieved July 5, 2009, from Academic Search Complete
References for final paper on the Filipino culture
A draft of this final paper is available in our free members area. Sign up now for access to sample papers.
Arif, Z. (2006). Shame on you. Nursing Standard, 20(36), 32-33. Retrieved July 24, 2009 from Academic search completeBecker, G. (2003). Cultural expressions of bodily awareness among chronically ill Filipino Americans. Annals of Family Medicine, 1(2), 113-118. Retrieved July 24, 2009 from Nursing/Academic Edition
Braun, K. L., & Nichols, R. (1997). Death and dying in four Asian American Cultures: A descriptive study. Death Studies, 21(4), 327-259. Retrieved July 24, 2009 from Academic search complete
Darling, N., Cumsille, P., & Peña-Alampay, L. (2005). Rules, Legitimacy of Parental Authority, and obligation to obey in Chile, the Philippines, and the United States. New Directions for Child & Adolescent Development, 2005(108), 47-60. Retrieved July 24, 2009 from Academic search complete
Healthy People 2010 (n.d.). 1-5.1-5. Increase the proportion of persons with a usual primary care provider. Retrieved July 25, 2010, from http://www.healthypeople.gov/document/html/objectives/01-05.htm
McBride, M. (2001). Health and health care of Filipino American elders. Retrieved July 24, 2009, from http://www.stanford.edu/group/ethnoger/
Ngo-Metzger, Q., Phillips, R. S., & McCarthy, E. P. (2008). Ethnic disparities in hospice use among Asian-American and Pacific Islander patients dying with cancer. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 56(1), 139-144. Retrieved July 24, 2009 from Academic search complete
Spector, R. E. (2004). Cultural diversity in health and illness (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.
United States Census Bureau (n.d.). American factfinder: Quick tables. Retrieved July 24, 2009, from http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/QTTable?_bm=y&-qr_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U_QTP7&-ds_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U&-CONTEXT=qt&-redoLog=false&-_caller=geoselect&-geo_id=01000US&-geo_id=NBSP&-format=&-_lang=en